World Rainforest Day

‘World Rainforest Day’ is celebrated annually on June 22 and is a global event dedicated to raising awareness about the critical importance of rainforests and promoting actions to protect these vital ecosystems. We do not think it is a coincidence this year that the ‘Restore Nature Now March’ is taking place on the same day.

Established in 2017, by the Rainforest Partnership,, this day emphasises the urgent need for conservation efforts and highlights the numerous benefits rainforests provide to the planet and humanity.


Rainforests are home to an incredible diversity of life, hosting millions of species of plants, animals, and microorganisms. They harbour approximately 50% of the world’s plant and animal species, many of which are not found anywhere else. This immense biodiversity is crucial for the stability and resilience of ecosystems.

Addressing climate change

Rainforests play a pivotal role in regulating the Earth’s climate by absorbing carbon dioxide and producing oxygen. They also act as significant carbon sinks, absorbing vast amounts of carbon dioxide and mitigating the effects of climate change. By regulating temperatures and weather patterns, they contribute to the stability of global climate systems.

Maintaining the water cycle

Rainforests also play a critical role in the hydrological cycle. Through the process of transpiration, they release water vapor into the atmosphere, contributing to cloud formation and precipitation. This process is essential for maintaining regional and global water cycles, which affect agriculture, water supplies, and natural ecosystems.

Soil conservation

The dense vegetation of rainforests helps prevent soil erosion. The roots of trees and plants bind the soil, reducing the risk of landslides and maintaining soil fertility. This is vital for sustaining the health of terrestrial ecosystems and agricultural productivity.

Cultural importance

Rainforests are home to numerous indigenous peoples who have lived in harmony with these ecosystems for centuries. Their cultures, traditions, and knowledge systems are intimately linked to the forest. Protecting rainforests is also about preserving the cultural heritage and wisdom of these communities.

The most important rainforests

Morning fog in dense tropical rainforest. Kaeng Krachan Thailand

Here are some of the most significant rainforests:

Amazon Rainforest (South America)

Location: Spans across Brazil, Peru, Colombia, and several other countries.

Biodiversity: The Amazon is the largest rainforest in the world and is home to approximately 10% of all known species.

Congo Basin Rainforest (Central Africa)

Location: Extending across several countries, including the Democratic Republic of Congo, Cameroon, and Gabon.

Biodiversity: The Congo Basin is the second-largest rainforest and is rich in wildlife, including gorillas, elephants, and numerous plant species.

Southeast Asian Rainforests

Location: Spread across countries like Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and the Philippines.

Biodiversity: These rainforests are incredibly diverse, with many unique species such as orangutans, tigers, and various endemic plants.

Daintree Rainforest (Australia)

Location: Located in Queensland, Australia.

Biodiversity: The Daintree is home to numerous rare and endemic species, including the cassowary and the tree kangaroo.

Central American Rainforests

Location: Found in countries like Costa Rica, Panama, and Honduras.

Biodiversity: These rainforests host a wide variety of species, including jaguars, sloths, and countless bird species.

Madagascar Rainforest

Location: Located on the island of Madagascar off the southeastern coast of Africa.

Biodiversity: Due to its unique biodiversity and high levels of threat from deforestation, Madagascar is a global conservation priority. It is home to the Ring-tailed Lemur, Fossa, and Baobab.

Importance of Conservation

These rainforests are not only vital for their ecological and climatic roles but also for their cultural, economic, and scientific values. However, they face numerous threats, including deforestation, illegal logging, mining, and climate change. Conservation efforts are essential to protect these critical ecosystems and ensure they continue to provide their invaluable services to the planet and humanity. Efforts include establishing protected areas, promoting sustainable land use, enforcing environmental laws, and supporting indigenous communities in their stewardship of the forests.

World Rainforest Day is a crucial observance that brings global attention to the vital role of rainforests and the urgent need for their protection. By raising awareness, promoting conservation actions, and supporting indigenous communities, this day aims to foster a worldwide commitment to preserving these invaluable ecosystems.

Raising awareness

Collective efforts inspired by World Rainforest Day can help ensure that rainforests continue to thrive and provide essential benefits for the planet and future generations. Various activities and initiatives take place globally to engage and inspire people. These include:

  • Educational Campaigns: Schools, universities, and environmental organisations conduct educational programs, workshops, and webinars to spread knowledge about rainforests and their importance.
  • Tree Planting Events: Community groups and organisations organise tree planting events to restore degraded forest areas and promote reforestation.
  • Fundraising: Fundraising campaigns are launched to support conservation projects, research, and the work of organisations dedicated to rainforest protection.
  • Advocacy and Policy: Environmental activists and organisations use this day to advocate for stronger environmental policies, legal protections, and enforcement measures to safeguard rainforests.
  • Social Media Campaigns: The use of social media platforms to share information, success stories, and calls to action helps to reach a wider audience and amplify the message of rainforest conservation.

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